Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common diagnosis that can affect any joint, but most often in the knees, hips, spine, small joint of the hand. Hallmark symptoms of osteoarthritis pain and stiffness of the joint. It is considered a degenerative disorder that results from the breakdown of the cartilage that provides the smooth surface of the joint for motion and acts as a cushion. This disease affects about 27 million Americans. Causes and risk factors for developing osteoarthritis are genetics, obesity, and overuse. 1
The pathophysiology link between obesity and osteoarthritis is related to both the direct excess of mechanical loads on the cartilage, but also the adipose tissue releasing leptin. In both scenarios, there ends up being an increase in inflammation, which helps to drive the tissue breakdown. 2 To describe this further, I often discuss with patients the “coin analogy.”
Metabolic Syndrome (Met S) affects nearly 47 million Americans. 1 The prevalence of arthritis is 52.5 million US adults between 2010-2012. This is estimated to rise to 78 million for Americans aged 18 years or older by 2040 per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2 These numbers are staggering in so much as it would seem lucky for you not to get either Met S or some form of arthritis. The question becomes whether or not having Met S may increase your risk of developing arthritis and how to avoid both problems.
Dr Carolyn Dolan DPT, Cert MDT, MSHN
Where physical therapy, nutrition and lifestyle meet, because how you live your life determines whether or not you soar. Inspiring action with information so you can reduce pain, optimize healing and improve function naturally during recovery from injury, surgery or painful condition. This is a website for the open-minded; obstinate need not apply.